The Top Eight Traditional Careers in Art History

Graduates of art history master's programs emerge primed for a wide range of careers in the art field and beyond. While many art historians choose self-employed fine arts jobs or nontraditional art history careers, the following sought-after careers in art history represent the top eight traditional uses for an art history master's degree.

1. Curator

A curator oversees the collection, storage, and display of artworks, historical memorabilia, digital files, or artifacts. Depending upon the size of the organization, curators may be responsible for working with artists, collectors, donors, or other organizations to acquire artwork; documentation and storage; original research and publication; and creative display of works. Traditionally, curators work for museums, libraries, and other arts organizations. However, in recent years this role has expanded to include business curators managing corporate memorabilia and art collections, curation for educational institutions, private foundation or personal collection curators, government curators working with public spaces, and independent, freelance curators.

2. Teacher

Art history educators share art knowledge in museum or academic settings. Depending upon the specific role and organization, level of audience, and specialty, art history educators may spend significant time conducting research, interacting with the public, or mentoring art students in the classroom.

3. Museum Administrator/Director

Museum directors carry ultimate responsibility for advancing their organization's mission, artistic direction, collections, scholarship, and programs. The director manages the museum's day-to-day operations. Like curators, directors influence creative direction of the museum's exhibitions and oversee the collection, storage, and display of artworks. In addition, museum directors manage the administrative side of the organization. An administrator's job typically includes a significant amount of fundraising, donor and community relations, financial and investment management, hiring, and oversight of museum staff.

4. Conservator/Art Restorer/Conservation Scientist

Art conservators specialize in the preservation, care, and restoration of works of art. Conservators manage the safe storage and transportation of works, analyze the display environment, document and record current condition, and determine restoration efforts needed. Patience and attention to detail are critical in this role. Conservators typically choose an area of expertise, such as paper, textiles, painting, furniture, or art objects. They often work closely with conservation scientists - chemists who concern themselves with the scientific elements at work in an art piece's environment and composition, and in the chemical components of the restoration and preservation process.

5. Art Authenticator

The sophistication of art forgers, the prevalence of art theft, and the unlawful transfer of artworks from war-torn countries means that potential art buyers and sellers often require the authentication services of an art historian. Typically, authenticators specialize in a particular artist or style, and must display substantial research and investigative skills. Authenticators research the "provenance" of a work by tracing the path of ownership as far back as possible, work with other recognized experts, consult with artists' foundations, and contract scientific testing to determine the viability of the materials used.

6. Museum Reproductions/Retail Manager

A museum reproductions role can involve museum store retail management and decision-making regarding which artworks in the museum's collections should be reproduced for sale. It may include working with artists and navigating copyright issues, design and artistic decisions for the display and reproduction of the artwork in the retail setting, managing sales staff, and other duties related to running the retail arm of an arts organization.

7. Art Librarian/Visual Resource Curator

Visual resource curators and art librarians manage the cataloguing, documentation, storage, and retrieval of visual resources in art libraries, educational institutions, and for-profit organizations. In addition to expertise in the artwork itself, art librarians bring research and technological skills to the role, along with the people skills necessary to work with the public and academicians as they access the works. In addition to a graduate degree in art history, art librarianship roles may require graduate work in library science.

8. Art Publishing

Academic, commercial, and independent art book publishing houses employ a range of arts professionals in graphic design, writing, editing, and administrative roles. While entry level roles typically will not require a master's degree, advancement in these roles often requires higher education in the arts, and these roles will provide opportunities to explore and influence modern art history dialogue and interpretation.

9. Auctioneer

An auctioneer represents the seller of a piece of art. The auctioneer must creatively describe the piece and create excitement during an auction in order to sell it for the highest price possible. Auctioneers often research particular art pieces to gain knowledge about the artwork itself, and additionally must have the ability to remain cool under pressure, relate to art owners, and read a crowd.

For more information, visit Azusa Pacific University's Online Master of Arts in Modern Art History, Theory, and Criticism.

For more careers in art history, check out these related resources:
The Top Nine Nontraditional Art History Careers
The Top Seven Self-Employed Arts Jobs for Art Historians

Note: This information is current for the 2014-15 academic year; however, all stated academic information is subject to change. Please refer to the current Academic Catalog for more information.