Patricia Benner, RN, PhD, FAAN

How the COVID-19 Pandemic has Impacted Nurse Educators and Nursing Students Dr. Benner reflects on the challenges and impact of moving to online learning and clinical practice replacements through a faculty survey she conducted for EducatingNurses.com and ATI. Learning requirements based upon learning science will be presented along with a discussion of the current gaps between classroom/online teaching and what is needed to prepare students for clinical learning.

Dr. Benner is a professor emerita at the University of California School of Nursing. She is a noted nursing educator and author of From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Nursing Practice, which has been translated into 12 languages. She has directed over 50 doctoral dissertations. She pioneered the use of Interpretive Phenomenology in Nursing. She is the director of this Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching National Nursing Education Study, Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation, which is the first such study in forty years.

Additionally, she collaborated with the Carnegie Preparation for the Professions studies of clergy, engineering, law, and medicine. Dr. Benner is designated as a Living Legend of the American Academy of Nursing. She was elected an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Nursing and Danish Society for Nurses. Her work has influence beyond nursing in the areas of clinical practice and clinical ethics. She has received two honorary doctorates.

She is the first author of Expertise in Nursing Practice: Caring, Ethics and Clinical Judgment (2010) with Christine Tanner and Catherine Chesla, and she has co-authored 12 other notable books including a 2nd Edition of Clinical Wisdom and Interventions in Acute and Critical Care: A Thinking-In-Action Approach. She is executive director of EducatingNurses.com and a co-founder of NovicetoExpert.org.

Helena Felizardo, RN

Lived Experiences of European Frontline Nurses Under the Shadow of COVID-19: Emergence of New Types of Nurse “Capital” Helena Felizardo started her journey in nursing in 1996 when she joined the nursing course at Bissaya Barreto Nursing School in Coimbra, now called the Nursing School of Coimbra (Portugal). She started working in primary health care but quickly returned to Coimbra for the urology service at the Centro Hospitalar de Coimbra. In 2004, she started working at the Nursing School of Coimbra as guest assistant, particularly dedicated to guiding students in internships and practical laboratory classes in fundamental nursing curricular unit.

In 2009, she completed her specialization in medical-surgical nursing, and, in 2012, she obtained the title of specialist in nursing. Since then, integrated at fundamental nursing department, she started teaching theoretical classes in the fundamental nursing curricular unit, supervising guest assistants in guiding students in clinical teaching, and in 2021 started teaching in the curricular unit for preventing healthcare-associated infections and also in interpersonal communication. Clinical communication is an area of main interest in development and research as well as palliative care.

She is a member of the Portuguese Palliative Care Association, Portuguese Society for Clinical Communication in Health Care, member of the fiscal council of Phi Xi Chapter of the Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honor Society, and member of the Communication Committee of Sigma Europe. She is also a member of the Pedagogical Council of the Nursing School of Coimbra.

Mary K. Gaffney

Working During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Triggers for Career Choice Regret and Affirmation Dr. Mary Gaffney is an assistant professor in the School of Nursing at the University of South Carolina Aiken. She received her Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree from Saint Olaf College and her Master of Science in Nursing and Doctor of Education degrees from Walden University.

As a full-time educator, she teaches fundamental skills labs and a nursing research course. She also serves as faculty mentor for numerous honors students’ research projects. Her research interests include quality improvement, nursing education, active learning strategies, and, more recently, the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing education and on healthcare workers.

Prior to becoming a full-time educator, she worked as a pediatric critical care nurse for 30 years at the Children’s Hospital of Georgia at the Augusta University Medical Center. She continues to serve on the hospital ethics committee. Dr. Gaffney is a member of the Pi Lambda Chapter of Sigma Theta Tau International.

Lindsay Haskett, MSN, RN

Lindsay Haskett has been a nurse educator at Indiana University since completing her MSN in 2018. Her interest in global health took her to sub-Saharan Africa where she was clinical adjunct faculty for IUSON and visiting professor at Moi University School of Nursing in Eldoret, Kenya, from 2018-2019.

Haskett is a member of the consortium of schools of nursing affiliated with AMPATH (Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare) and collaborates with nurses in Kenya to research methods of nursing care excellence and education. She is currently a nurse educator at IU School of Medicine and is based in the Department of Surgery.

Haskett’s clinical background and areas of expertise are surgical critical care and trauma. She has will begin PhD studies in May of 2021 at IU School of Nursing. She plans to study social determinants of health, with a minor area of study in nursing education.

Marni Kellogg, PhD, RN, CPN, CNE

Dr. Marni Kellogg received her BSN from Northeastern University in 1998, her MSN specializing in nursing education from Salem State University in 2011, and a PhD specializing in nursing science, health promotion from the University of Massachusetts Lowell in 2017.

Dr. Kellogg has worked as a pediatric nurse for over twenty years and in nursing education for over ten years. She is currently a tenure-track assistant professor in the Department of Community Nursing at UMass Dartmouth. Dr. Kellogg has presented at local, regional, and international conferences. She has publications in Pediatric Nursing, The Journal of Pediatric Nursing, The Journal of Nursing Measurement, Advances in Nursing Science, and Nursing Education Perspectives.

Dr. Kellogg’s primary research interest is traumatic stress in nursing. She is currently working with colleagues from psychology to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on nurses. She is a Certified Pediatric Nurse and Certified Nurse Educator.

Aja Lesh, PhD, MN, BSN

Dr. Aja Tulleners Lesh serves as dean and professor at APU’s School of Nursing (SON). She earned her BSN and MN from the University of California, Los Angeles and her PhD from Claremont Graduate University. She received her OB/Gynecological Nurse Practitioner Certificate from California State University, Los Angeles and has held clinical positions both in acute care and in primary care. During her 15-year tenure as dean, the school has expanded the span and the breadth of nursing education at the university from the traditional Bachelor of Science in Nursing to encompass a broad spectrum of undergraduate and graduate programs, including the Entry-Level Master’s, the MSN with Advanced Practice specializations, Education, and Healthcare Administration, Fellowships, as well as the Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing and the Doctor of Nursing Practice.

Dr. Lesh also has a passion for international health. Since 1993 she has traveled extensively to support the professional expansion of nursing in areas such as China, South Africa, and Viet Nam. She developed study abroad opportunities and exchange opportunities for nurses and has developed research collaboration with nursing leadership in Brazil, China, Norway, South Africa, and Viet Nam.

Dr. Lesh, in addition to her role as administrator, is also a clinician, educator, and researcher. She has an extensive background in the area of maternal/child health, community and mental health. Over the years Dr. Lesh has been the principal investigator of over $25 million in state and federal funding to support her clinical work and research in the areas of family health and functioning. She has directed the Infant, Child and Family Project for more than 35 years, a program that has been instrumental in improving the health of young infants and their families throughout the San Gabriel Valley and surrounding areas. Dr. Lesh has authored over 30 research reports on intervention outcomes and is the author and principal investigator of a defining study on at-risk infants commissioned by the State Department of Health in 2000.

Dr. Lesh continues to serve as a consultant for strategic planning, program development and evaluation in the areas of health, education, and social services. She established benchmarking for physician practice in local hospitals and designed evaluation studies for Healthy Start initiatives, federal and state funded substance abuse treatment programs, domestic violence shelters, and services for victims of abuse.

As dean, she strongly encouraged research and grants development at the APU School of Nursing, resulting in the formation of the Institute of Health Research. Dr. Lesh is active in the profession and the community, lending her expertise to a number of professional organizations, community and hospital boards, as well as speaking nationally and internationally on nursing education, strategic planning, program development and evaluation. She continues to teach research, organizational systems, strategic planning, and evaluation research to graduate and doctoral students.

Marion Lynch, PDHSc, MSc, MSc, RN, RMN

Lived Experiences of European Frontline Nurses Under the Shadow of COVID-19: Emergence of New Types of Nurse “Capital” Marion Lynch is a nurse, an educator, a leader, and an academic; all fuse into one. She has nearly 40 years’ experience in international health care and expertise in public health, mental health, redesign of services, and leadership education. She currently works for an international charity as the COVID advisor, and also as a nurse and professor.

In March 2020, she was suddenly locked down in New Zealand and asked by a charity to volunteer to write COVID-19 e-modules for staff mental health. A month later, she was back in the United Kingdom and was part of the teaching faculty at the Nightingale Hospital in London. In June 2020, the evidence being collected regarding COVID’s impact on nurses showed startling statistics; the pictures showed shattered staff. Nurses all saw the impact on them; what they did not see was the invisible acts of nursing. Lynch wanted to show another side—the able, adaptable nurses doing what nurses do best. With SIGMA colleagues from across Europe, nurses’ experiences were collected. These stories tell the story of nurses leading the way, adapting care for people across the care continuum; they are the start of a ‘new normal’ for nursing.

Panel Facilitators

Public Health and the Pandemic: Conversations and Lessons Learned

Marissa Brash, DrPH, EdD, MPH, CPH

Department Chair, Master of Public Health, and Assistant Professor, Azusa Pacific University, School of Nursing

Dr. Marissa Brash holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Biochemistry from the University of San Francisco, a Master of Public Health Degree in Biostatistics from Loma Linda University, a Doctor of Public Health Degree in Epidemiology from Loma Linda University, and a Doctor of Education Degree in Mind, Brain, Teaching from Johns Hopkins University. She is also Certified in Public Health by the National Board of Public Health Examiners. Dr. Brash has a passion for teaching while also working on curriculum design, accreditation standards, program implementation, evaluation, and assessment.

At Azusa Pacific University, Dr. Brash serves as the Chair for the Department of Public Health, as an Associate Professor, and is a Diversity Ambassador for the university. In 2020, she has served the university as a CIRT Section Chief acting as the Deputy Liaison Officer in the Emergency Operations Center created in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2019-2020, she served as the Social Chair for the Public Health Education and Health Promotion section of the American Public Health Association.

Teresa Dodd-Butera, PhD, MSN/MSPH, RN

Diplomate, American Board of Applied Toxicology (DABAT) Professor, Public Health and Doctoral Programs, Azusa Pacific University, School of Nursing

Dr. Teresa Dodd-Butera is a registered nurse and a board-certified toxicologist (Diplomate, American Board of Applied Toxicology/ DABAT). Her research focus is on acute and chronic toxic exposures. She is also interested in multiple factors that affect global and national maternal-child and family health issues, including families with special needs. These include environmental health equity, emergency preparedness, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), and substance use disorders.

The Lived Experience of COVID-19

Valerie Joy Smith, PhD, MSN, APRN, CCRN-K

Assistant Professor, Azusa Pacific University, School of Nursing

Dr. Valerie Joy Smith, a clinical expert in adult health and critical care nursing, has over 43 years of extensive clinical and leadership/administrative experience in the acute, ambulatory, and restorative care settings. She has a MSN in Adult Medical-Surgical Nursing with a Clinical Nurse Specialist focus and is certified as a Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCRN-K). Her Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (PhD) research is on spiritual well-being of adults newly diagnosed with heart failure.

Areas of interest, publication, and presentation include adult acute and chronic health and wellness, palliative and end-of-life care, psychosocial and spiritual needs of patients, theoretical application, scholarly writing, and nursing ethics and leadership. She serves on a variety of School of Nursing and APU campus-wide committees.

Joy’s commitment to Christ-centered nursing excellence is evident in her engaging teaching approach, which not only builds on a foundation of evidence-based knowledge and skill, but promotes rigorous scholarly inquiry that can be applied to address the increasing complex realities and demands experienced in practice. She teaches for both the Baccalaureate and Master’s in Nursing programs.

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